What Is Growth Investing?
Growth investing involves strategically allocating capital to high-potential companies, often including small caps and startups, which exhibit significantly faster growth rates compared to established industry peers. While these investments offer the potential for substantial returns, they also entail higher risk levels for investors.
Investors in growth-oriented stocks typically target businesses with promising future prospects, even if they are relatively small or new players in their respective markets. These companies often operate within rapidly expanding sectors, such as innovative technologies. Consequently, while this investment strategy carries inherent risks, conducting thorough and comprehensive analyses can lead to potentially lucrative future returns.
What are the Popular Types of Growth Investing?
Some of the popular types of growth investments are:
The size of a company is typically determined by its market capitalization or net worth. While there isn’t a universally defined boundary, most analysts consider companies with a market capitalization ranging between $300 million and $2 billion as small-cap firms.
These companies are often in their early growth stages, with stocks that hold the potential for significant price appreciation. Historically, small-cap stocks have demonstrated greater returns than established blue-chip companies, yet they also come with increased volatility and higher risk levels. During economic recovery phases after recessions, small-cap stocks have frequently outperformed larger counterparts.
Technology and Healthcare Stocks
Investors seeking significant growth opportunities often consider companies involved in pioneering technologies or innovative healthcare solutions as potential game-changers in their investment portfolios. The stocks of these companies can experience exponential price surges within a relatively brief timeframe.
For instance, take Pfizer (PFE) whose stock price was around $5 per share in 1994 before the launch of Viagra. The approval of this groundbreaking drug by the FDA in 1998 propelled the stock price to over $30 per share within five years. Occasionally, a growth stock can embark on a highly volatile trajectory. For instance, Roku (ROKU), a streaming media company, saw a surge in its stock price shortly after its initial public offering (IPO) in late 2017, only to retreat to its IPO’s closing price within a few months.
Adventurous investors and speculators are drawn to high-risk growth vehicles like penny stocks, futures, options contracts, foreign currencies, and speculative real estate such as undeveloped land. They also consider oil and gas drilling partnerships and private equity, especially those in higher income brackets, for aggressive investment opportunities. Successful choices in this realm can yield returns many times over the initial investment, yet there’s also the stark possibility of losing the entire principal amount invested.
How to do Research for Growth Stocks
Researching growth stocks necessitates a meticulous approach centred on identifying companies poised for substantial expansion. Begin by scrutinizing revenue growth, earnings trends, and market positioning. Analyze the business model, emphasizing scalability and competitive advantages. Assess management quality and future growth catalysts, considering industry trends and innovation. While understanding potential risks, evaluate valuations against growth prospects. Diversify holdings to manage risk and stay vigilant by continuously monitoring performance and market developments. A comprehensive approach to research, emphasizing growth potential, financial strength, and industry trends, is vital in identifying and investing in promising growth stocks.
Return on Equity (ROE)
Return on Equity (ROE) serves as a numerical indicator of a corporation’s profitability efficiency. It’s calculated as a percentage, representing the company’s net income (the remaining income after paying preferred stockholders, excluding common stock dividends) divided by the total shareholders’ equity.
For instance, let’s consider two companies: one with a total shareholder equity of $100 million and another with $300 million. If both companies yield a net income of $75 million for the year, the company with the smaller shareholder equity demonstrates a higher return on equity. This indicates that it’s generating the same net income with a comparatively lower equity investment.
Increasing Earnings Per Share (EPS)
While various types of earnings per share (EPS) exist and the per-share earnings alone may not fully depict a company’s operations, a consistent increase in EPS suggests positive aspects of a company’s performance. Investors commonly favor companies showing rising EPS figures, yet it’s crucial to conduct additional research to confirm that these EPS gains stem from authentic cash flow generated by legitimate business activities.
Numerous day traders and short-term investors closely monitor anticipated earnings announcements due to their immediate and future impact on a company’s stock price. These announcements can serve as profitable opportunities for investors.
For instance, if a company’s projected earnings exceed expectations, the stock price frequently experiences a rapid surge, followed by a subsequent decline in the following days. However, a series of consistently positive anticipated earnings reports can contribute to gradual stock price increases over time.
Pros and Cons of Growth Investing
Pros of Growth Investment:
– Growth investing revolves around stocks that carry the potential for substantial returns for investors, where the stock price movement aligns closely with the company’s profitability growth. Increased growth correlates directly with higher potential returns.
– With higher returns, growth investing maintains a risk-to-reward ratio and return on investment (ROI) that leans toward the higher end, making it a profitable strategy for long-term investment.
– The principal focus of growth investment lies in capital appreciation, setting it apart from other investment methodologies by offering maximum returns. Emphasis is placed on blue-chip, growth-oriented companies, market leaders, and stalwarts rather than defensive stocks.
Cons of Growth Investment:
– In Growth investing, managers prioritize forecasting businesses’ future growth and give minimal attention to stock valuations such as price to earnings, Enterprise value to EBITDA, or price to book ratios.
– The focus is often on blue-chip, stalwart, market-leading, or various small-cap and midcap categories where valuations tend to be higher.
– This approach carries a comparatively higher risk than traditional investing methods.
– The margin of safety is lower in growth investing due to the emphasis on small-cap and mid-cap growth companies.
– Fluctuating business conditions can make the profitability of these companies volatile, impacting stock prices negatively.
– This strategy doesn’t effectively protect the original invested capital during economic downturns.
How to Learn the basics of growth investing?
You can learn the basics of growth investing with the EduBridge value investing course. What are you waiting for? Join the course today.
In essence, Growth Investing stands as a strategy that hinges on forecasting and capitalizing on a company’s potential for future expansion rather than its current valuation metrics. This approach gravitates toward businesses exhibiting rapid growth prospects, often within small-cap or mid-cap categories, and focuses less on conventional valuation ratios like price to earnings or price to book. While promising high returns, Growth Investing entails higher risks compared to traditional investment approaches. The emphasis on potential future growth rather than current valuation metrics creates a lower margin of safety, making portfolios vulnerable to fluctuations in the profitability of these growth-oriented companies. Understanding the fundamentals of Growth Investing underscores its allure for those seeking significant returns, yet it also highlights the need for careful consideration and risk management within this dynamic investment landscape.